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slide program is part of the teaching material used in the opening class of the “Beginning a Successful
Small Farm Operation” short course series.
audience for this series, which is designed to teach the basics of agriculture and business
management, is the small, part-time agricultural producer who is new to
agriculture. The objective of the
first class is to introduce
the audience to the overall small farm program and to foster the development of a relaxed
atmosphere that will facilitate better teaching and learning. The “Agricultural Terminology: A quiz for
New Farmers” is designed
to begin the opening class with some humor and to have the audience interact. In addition, most of the terminology used in
the quiz will be helpful to
the audience to learn as they begin their farming. The funny phrases, sound effects, and animation catch
the audience’s attention.
it a part of your body that’s sore? No,
it’s the unit of land measurement we use in agriculture.
An acre is 43,560 square feet.
it an essential part of an animal’s reproductive tract? No, it’s a common animal denominator based on
feed consumption. Typically, one mature
cow represents one
animal unit (A.U.). Also, government
regulators are A.U. at 1,000
lbs. to determine animal density on farms.
it plowing up the field in back of the barn?
No, it’s the feeding and management
of slaughter animals during the period between weaning and finishing.
this refer to the expanded condition of the waistline in older farmers? No, this is the abnormal accumulation of gases in ruminant
animals, which causes
the upper left side of the animal to swell.
This can be fatal.
this be how much weight a farmer can carry, or drag at least 10 yards? No, this is the number of animal units that a pasture can
sustain over a given period.
this last year’s leftover bags of fertilizer the farmer finds in the
barn? No, this refers to the nitrogen
leftover in the soil from a previous crop, usually a legume.
this the visible undigested plant material in cow droppings? No, it’s the plant material left in the field following harvest.
this the title of a farm employee who packages direct farm products? No, this is a farm tool that is pulled behind the tractor to
tighten-up the soil following
plowing/disking/seeding. It looks like
a large metal roller with grooves.
this refer to the dried manure tracked onto the living room carpets of most livestock operations? No, this is the non-water part of animal
this refer to the act of eliminating solids in an indoor waste management system? No, this is the practice of feeding a higher
than normal level of energy
at breeding time to increase ovulation.
This is commonly done in sheep
and swine operations.
this farm slang for father? No, this
typically refers to the parts of the corn plant (stalk and leaves) leftover in the field following
this refer to the period in U.S. history known as the Farming Era? No, this is vegetable matter (plant material) in a fresh,
dried, or ensiled state used to
this the act of taking a shower, or bath after a hard day on the farm? No, this more often refers to cattle giving birth (calving) and
thereby beginning a lactation
cycle. A fresh cow has recently given
this a term commonly used to describe spoiled meat? No, this is freshly cut forage fed directly to
this farm slang for the part in one’s hair?
No, this is a tool pulled behind the tractor to smooth out, or level a field after disking and
prior to seeding.
this a word often used as a greeting in very rural areas of Frederick
County? No, this is forage ensiled at between 35-50% moisture. Silage is forage ensiled above this
this farm slang used in reference to the urban population? No, this is the packaged bacterium used to
treat legume seed prior to seeding to insure good nodule (knot) formation on the
roots. The bacteria live in this
this a mental condition where farmers are so focused on nitrogen that they ignore all other plant
nutrients? No, this is the process
where free nitrogen is converted
into a form plants can utilize. This
typically refers to the symbiotic process involving bacteria and leguminous plants.
this the farm term for the cushion used on the tractor seat? No, this is the subdivided section of a
you now know enough farm words to sound like you know what you’re doing.